[ This Part (II) must not be separated from the RULE
and the other Constitutions. It is provided here only for easy printing. The
RULE and Constitutions necessarily form one whole which best explain the charism
of the Founder and the nature of the Order of Saint Charbel ]
PART (II) CONSTITUTION OF THE FIRST AND SECOND BRANCHES
OF THE ORDER OF SAINT CHARBEL
This Constitution gives expression to the application of the Rule of
the Order to the First and Second Branches.
Formation of candidates for the First and Second Branches is to
take place in Monasteries / Convents established for this purpose in Communities
designated by the Major Superior who will appoint Superiors for each stage
of the formation.
1.1 Persons seeking entry into the First or Second Branches must
go through an admission procedure, applying through the Superior of a local
1.2 Aspirants to the Order:
||(a) must be of a sufficient level of maturity.
(b) must be aware of their obligations.
(c) must freely petition admission.
(d) must have the right intention.
(e) must have adequate physical health.
(f) must have the necessary intellectual, moral and spiritual
formation to lead the Fraternal and Apostolic way of Life.
1.3 The Community Superior or the Postulant Master or Mistress can
ask for any documents, references etc., to validate the aspirant's case.
A Baptismal Certificate, together with a health certificate, should be
presented by the aspirant.
1.4 There are no restrictions in terms of age. However, it is
recommended that the entrance age for youth be no less than seventeen years,
due to the age requirements of the Novitiate.
1.5 If the applicant satisfies admission criteria he/she will
be sent to a House of Formation where admission into the Postulancy will
be effected after a brief orientation period of a month or more, as necessary,
by the Postulant Master/Mistress in consultation with the Community Superior
2.1 The duration of the postulancy is six months. During this
time the postulant experiences the Life of the Order, abiding by the Rule
and Constitution of the Order.
2.2 Upon acceptance, postulants receive a list containing the
materials which are necessary for their stay within the Community. Also,
they shall be given a costing for their stay within the Community as a
2.3 Before entry into the postulancy, aspirants must be reasonably
free from all worldly commitments, especially financial and family responsibilities.
However, they should not completely sever their ties with the outside world,
as re-entry after an unsuccessful postulancy could be difficult.
2.4 If, for some reason, the postulant must leave the postulancy
temporarily during these six months, the Postulant Master must determine
whether the postulancy period must be renewed or extended.
2.5 If a postulant's behaviour is in direct confrontation to
the behaviour fostered within the Community, the Postulant Master, after
consulting the Community Superior, may terminate the postulancy.
2.6 If the Postulant Master/Mistress feels that the duration
of the postulancy is inadequate for an individual, the period of postulancy
may be extended, at the discretion of the Postulant Master/Mistress.
2.7 Postulants should be advised against donating goods or financial
sums to the Order as, if they find their calling unjustified, they should
have the means readily available to be assimilated back into the world.
3.1 Upon the satisfactory completion of the postulancy, the aspirant
is admitted into the Order as a novice, undertaking training for the Life
of the Order. To be admitted to the Novitiate, the aspirant must be over
the age of eighteen (18) years.
3.2 This acceptance of the new novice occurs through a robing
ceremony, where the novice receives the Habit of the Order [Appendix B].
The novice is given the option of exchanging his Baptismal Name for a Religious
name. This name then becomes written within the annals of the Order.
3.3 After the investiture with the Habit, the new novice commences
his/her Novitiate in a monastery/convent designated for this purpose. The
Novitiate will normally be a minimum of one year duration, but may be extended
to two years maximum.
3.4 The formation of the novices is entrusted to a Novice Master
/ Mistress who, in close co-operation with the Superiors of the Order and
the novices, foster religious harmony and the spirit of the Order, providing
the best possible learning experiences.
3.5 Novices are expected to live fully the life and ideals of
the Order; to live the Evangelical Counsels. They are to study the Rule
and Constitutions of the Order, to learn the `practice of the Vows'. They
are to study the Teachings of the Church and the Traditions, always remembering
the main ideal of fostering a deeper union with Jesus Christ, and have
permission to read unapproved Private Revelations, provided they are not
contrary to the Teaching of the Church.
3.6 While it is expected that the novices spend, ideally, most
of their time within the Community atmosphere, the Novice Master / Mistress
may allow contact between family and other persons if it is seen to be
3.7 An absence from the Novitiate for more than three months,
whether continual or intermittent, renders the Novitiate invalid.
3.8 In cases of absence of less than three months, after consultation
with the relevant Superior, the Novice Master / Mistress will decide if
the absence should be made up and, if so, the length of time the Novitiate
is to be prolonged.
3.9 A novice may freely leave the Order and, for a just reason,
may be dismissed from the Order by the relevant Superior.
3.10 Upon the completion of the Novitiate the novice is professed.
4.1 The Celibate Priesthood of the First Branch and all members
of the Second Branch are required to make profession of the Evangelical
Counsels of Poverty, Chastity and Obedience as Solemn Vows, by which they
are totally dedicated to God Who is supremely loved. (C.573); Redemptionis
By Profession of the Vows of Poverty, Chastity and Obedience the members:
dedicate themselves to God in a special way - directly and entirely.
are conformed to the Life of Christ more closely under the action of the
are united in a special way to the Church and Her Mission.
4.2 At the completion of the Novitiate the novices make a simple
temporary profession for three years. However, during this time the vows
are renewed yearly.
4.3 The Vows are taken in a public Profession Ceremony. At the
completion of the ceremony the candidate is no longer a novice but a fully
recognised member of the Order. After this Profession, the member may wear
the Three Knots in the cord of the Habit, signifying the three Vows.
4.4 At the completion of the Ceremony a newly Professed male
member formally approaches the Community Superior to seek permission to
commence studies for the Priesthood, or alternatively to declare his wish
to remain a Religious Brother.
(a) Following Temporary Profession, those selected for training
for the Priesthood commence their Priestly studies in a House designated
for that purpose, where they continue also their formation for life in
(b) Those selected for further training as Religious Brothers
also continue their formation for life in the Order.
4.5 After the three year Temporary Profession, members concerned
take Perpetual Vows, with the vows being subsequently formally renewed
every three years. This is a Solemn Profession.
4.7 If the completion of the three year period, the Temporary
Professed Member, or his Superior, feels that the member is not ready for
Solemn Vows, the Temporary Vows can be extended for a further year. Further
extensions are not to exceed a total of nine years.
4.8 The Evangelical Counsel of Poverty, in imitation of Christ
- Who, for our sake, was made poor when He was rich - (2 Cor.8:9) entails
a life which is poor in reality and in spirit, sober and industrious, and
a stranger to earthly riches.
4.9 Members should remember that they are only pilgrims through
this life and, as such, the goods that they provide for themselves are
really provided for them by God, for the purpose of sustaining their simple
life, and to help them carry out the works of the various Apostolates of
4.10 Goods should not be retained unless necessary for the support
of life, and members should avoid any semblance of avarice. Prior to Profession,
therefore, the member is to either dispose of his/her material possessions
to family, or to donate them to the Order. In the case of the latter, a
"Deed of Gift" duly signed and witnessed, is to be made out, listing the
property and/or moneys involved.
4.11 Members ought willingly to bear the Poverty of Religious
Life lived in Community and the inconveniences stemming from it.
4.12 Since the Member's Life of Poverty should bear relation
to the social condition of the people in whose midst they dwell, the Members
should gladly live among the poor and bring them a living witness to the
Gospel by sharing their sorrows and struggles, by working - as circum-stances
permit - to assist them in their human development and to raise their aspirations
to the hope of Eternal Reward.
4.13 The Order itself may own temporal goods, but not the members.
Hence, any compensation for work, or donation given to members, must be
given to the Community Superior.
4.14 In keeping with the Life of Poverty and Community living
of the Order, a prudent and moderate use of money is permitted to members
under the authority and control of the Superior.
4.15 Members are discouraged from begging, unless it becomes
absolutely necessary after they have done all they can to amend the situation
which makes it imperative.
4.16 All members are permitted to own exceptional personal items
of parental or religious value owned before entrance into the Order, provided
these items do not interfere with the common good. In instances of doubt,
the Superior will decide each case.
4.17 The Vow of Chastity for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven
19:12) which the member professes, is an outstanding gift of Grace.
It frees the heart of a person in a very special way. As Saint Paul writes:
"But I would have you be without solicitude. He that is without wife, is
solicitous for the things that belong to the Lord; how he may please God" (1Cor.7:32-35).
this way, celibacy is a sign of that magnificent marriage established by
Christ and to be manifested fully in the future when the Church has Christ
as Her only Spouse.
4.18 By the Vow of Chastity, members not only renounce marriage
but also pledge themselves to avoid every external or internal offence
4.19 The member who is striving seriously to observe the Chastity
he has professed must have faith in the Words of Our Lord, and, trusting
in God's help, not to over-estimate his own strength, but practice mortification,
and keep guard over his senses and avoid idle curiosity. Neither should
he neglect the natural means which promote health of mind and body. Let
all, Superiors especially, remember that Chastity is guarded more securely
when true brotherly love flourishes in the life of the Community. (Perfectae
4.20 Since this observance of perfect continence touches, intimately,
the deepest needs of human nature, novices should neither present themselves
for, nor be admitted to, the Vow of Chastity unless there is suitable proof
that they possess the emotional maturity required.
4.21 To preserve angelic purity, each member must seek great
help in the Eucharist and also look to the Pure Heart of Mary, as Model
and Helper in this precious virtue.
4.22 Any difficulties arising from dealing with outsiders should
be manifested in all simplicity and trust to the Confessor, or, if the
member so desires, to the Superior. But all exterior temptations and dangers
affecting themselves or others should always be mentioned at once to the
4.23 Let them have a deep fraternal love for all members. They
may find that sharing their ideas and hopes with certain members leads
them closer to God. But they must never allow such friendship to become
exclusive; merely sentimental.
4.24 Through the Vow of Obedience members fully surrender their
own wills to God, offering themselves so that their will may become one
with the Divine Will, after the example of Jesus Christ Who came to do
the Will of His Father. Thus, in a spirit of Faith, members make a commitment
to seek out and do God's Will on a daily basis in the light of the Rule
and Constitution and the Directives of their Superiors. The observance
of the Rule and Constitution is the shortest way to Sanctification and
the eventual attainment of Eternal Life. However, these do not oblige,
by themselves, under pain of sin except through the obligations of the
Vows. Any wilful violation of these Rules is, necessarily, a sin - mortal
or venial - for the obedience shown to Superiors is given to God, Who is
in them, and governs them and enlightens them. Any contempt shown to Superiors
passes on to Our Divine Master, Who has said of Superiors: "He who hears
you, hears Me: he who rejects you, rejects Me." (Luke 10:16)
4.25 The members are bound to obey the Pope as their highest
Superior, and those whom he appoints.
4.26 Members shall obey their Superiors in all things provided,
of course, that their commands are not contrary to the Rule, Constitution,
Church Teachings and a member's own correct conscience.
4.27 Superiors commanding in the Name of Our Lord ought to imitate,
in their governing, the qualities and virtues of Our Divine Master, requesting
of their subjects only things that are reasonable, moderate and normally
4.28 Members, in virtue of the Vow, are obliged to fulfil the
orders of legitimate Superiors imposed "in the Name of Holy Obedience".
Only in rare cases, and with all prudence and caution, should Superiors
command in virtue of Holy obedience, and then in matters of grave importance.
Such formal precepts must be given in writing, or at least in the presence
of two witnesses.
5. COMMUNITY LIFE
5.1 "And all that believed were together, and had all things
in common". (Acts 2:42-47) Through a common life, Members are united
with the same purpose; the same ideals; the same spiritual, and legal,
5.2 All should strive to support the Community through their
God-given talents and their supporting charity towards one another.
5.3 The Priests, Brothers and Sisters form part of an extended
family, with the Community as their home. Together with the Branch of Families
there are many activities they will share in common, and every member must
endeavour to cultivate harmonious, mutually supportive, relation-ships
with other members of the Community, to learn from each other, and to promote
unity in all activities, irrespective of personal preferences and prejudices,
likes and dislikes.
5.4 The nature and discipline of Community Life means that members
are to perform certain activities in common. A suitable schedule for Community
activities - taking into consideration the half active - half contemplative
life for the Religious of the Order - will be established in each Community.
D: Sample Schedule - Community Activities).
5.5 Activities and chores within the Community should be done
gladly, and shared equally among members, with a cooperative spirit needed
in every aspect of Community life:
in preparing meals, eating together, accepting graciously the food we are
given - setting aside personal preferences, unless for health reasons.
in clearing up, washing up and cleaning kitchen and dining facilities.
in sharing the less pleasant tasks - like garbage disposal, cleaning of
toilets, servicing of drains, sewage systems and the like, so essential
to Community hygiene.
by accepting tasks we are allotted, whether they be menial, maintenance
tasks, office work, or farm work - without complaint.
5.6 Members should avoid judgements, words or conduct that could
disturb peace, charity, and the duties of Community living. All should
be ready to forgive and forget, and strive to work together as brothers
and sisters in Christ. ("...Guard against foul talk; let your words
be for the improvement of others, as occasion offers, and do good to your
listeners, otherwise you will only be grieving the Holy Spirit of God,
Who has marked you with His Seal for you to be set free when the day comes.
Never have grudges against others, or lose your temper, or raise your voice
to anybody, or call each other names, or allow any sort of spitefulness.
Be friends with one another, and kind - forgiving each other as readily
as God forgave you in Christ." (Ephesians 4:29-32)
5.7 When problems do arise between members, they should endeavour
to resolve the difficulty in an amicable manner, remembering Our Lord's
Words: "...to forgive
seventy times seven ..." But, if the problem persists, it is to be
brought to the Superior of the Branch (Priests, Brothers or Sisters) by
the Parties concerned. The Superior deals with the matter in the following
He/She will first listen to each member separately.
He/She will then hear any witnesses to the matter in dispute.
He/She will then bring the parties together, at which meeting, the truth
should come out, and any misjudgements become clear, with the matter resolved
If the matter is not resolved in this way, it is to be brought to the Community
Superior by the Superior of the Branch. The Community Superior may consult
with the Superiors to reach a decision, and, if he considers it necessary,
impose a penance on the offending parties. As St. Bonaventure tells us:"..Faults
should not go unpunished in order that the erring brother may be cleansed
from his sin and not be punished more severely by God later on .." (Ref.
The Virtues of a Religious Superior - St. Bonaventure)
If the matter should continue to be intractable, it may be referred by
the Community Superior to the next higher authority.
It is to be understood that any problems between members should be first
dealt with by their immediate Superior, and only referred by him/her to
a higher authority if the matter cannot be resolved.
5.8 Members are to respect the privacy of one another.
5.9 Silence, which is the delight of the contemplative, may be
imposed in enclosures and other nominated areas at particular times of
the day to facilitate prayer, reflection and study.
5.10 Cleanliness must be adhered to, and all members must work
to ensure that their surroundings are as clean as possible. This cleanliness
also applies to personal hygiene of all members.
5.11 As there may be many families in the Community with many
children, the Religious has a special duty of care. Although the discipline
and correction of children is first the responsibility of parents - when
a parent is not present and a child or children need correction, the Religious,
especially, have a clear responsibility to admonish or correct. However,
it would be better not to interfere or try to correct a child in the presence
of a parent, unless the parent is distracted, when it would be preferable
to try to bring the matter to the parent's attention.
6.1 Prayer should become a way of life, with members always bearing
in mind the Patron Saint of the Order, Saint Charbel, who showed how a
life of prayer and work became as one, totally dedicated to God.
6.2 The daily life of the First and Second Branches of the Order
consists of one half day spent in prayer and half the day in work.
6.3 The Mass is to be the focal point of the Prayer Life, with
all members attending at least one Mass daily, and encouraged to become
6.4 Members are to spend one hour in adoration before the Blessed
Sacrament each day.
6.5 When Communicating, members are to receive the Blessed Sacrament
on the tongue whilst kneeling, and Priests of the Order shall - under no
circumstances - give Communion in the hand.
6.6 Members are to daily Consecrate themselves to Jesus and Mary.
6.7 Members shall strive to honour the Blessed Virgin Mary, looking
to Her as the Mediatrix of All Graces, in order to come closer to Her Divine
Son, Jesus Christ. Members shall daily recite the fifteen-decade Rosary,
and shall set aside the appropriate time to accomplish - with piety and
fidelity - the practise of meditating on the Mysteries of the life of Jesus
and Mary. At least one Rosary must be said in Community.
6.8 Members should greatly desire to receive the Sacrament of
Penance, and must frequent the Sacrament at least monthly.
6.9 The Priests of the Order shall recite the Exorcism Prayer
of Saint Michael, daily.
6.10 For Priests of the Order, and Deacons, the Office of the
Hours is mandatory in accordance with Canon Law, and all members of the
Second Branch are bound in this Divine Office. Where five or more members
of the First or Second Branch reside in a Community, each particular hour
of the Divine Office is to be sung or recited in Community at the time
assigned to it.
6.11 Special devotion should be given to the Saints - especially
Saint Joseph and Saint Charbel.
6.12 Priests of the Order are to say one Mass daily. Where necessary
they may offer additional Masses, subject to approval. The Priests will
adhere to the authorised Calendar of the Order and Rituals of Ceremonies
approved for use within the Order.
6.13 The Masses of all true Catholic Rites may be said within
the Order, and members are encouraged to participate in these Masses, without
restrict-ion. (Ref. Appendix C - Recognised Catholic Rites)
7. FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFE
7.1 Once within the Order members, always holding in special
respect and honour their parents and relatives, should pray for them.
7.2 Members should not, however, become excessively involved
with the affairs of their relatives, but may, through the guidance of their
Superiors, prudently and charitably assist those truly in need.
7.3 Members should be careful in judging the need to leave the
Community in order to assist parents and relatives, and must have their
Superior's approval to do so.
7.4 In some circumstances, ill or elderly relatives could be
provided with temporary accommodation and care within the Community, provided
there are no other reasonable alternatives, and provided also that this
does not impose an undue burden on the Community.
7.5 Relatives wishing to visit members in the Community should
be made welcome, provided the permission of the Superior has been given.
Visitors should not visit private quarters in Religious Houses.
7.6 Members must remember that they have joined a Religious Community;
that this should be the centre of their existence, and religious discernment
must be followed in all socialising with family, Community, or the outside
7.7 Members wishing to socialise outside the Community should
follow the directives and discernment of their Superiors.
7.8 Members in the Postulancy and Novitiate stage should not
leave the Community unless absolutely necessary, and unless accompanied
by professed Community members.
7.9 Members of the First and Second Branches should freely intermingle
with the Third Branch Community Members, provided the Rules regarding privacy
and Community living are adhered to.
8. APOSTOLIC WORKS
8.1 The main Apostolic work of the Order is to re-evangelise
the Mystical Body of Christ by, firstly, living the Word of God, and then
by preaching the Word of God.
8.2 Re-evangelisation or the continuous proclamation of the Gospel
is fundamental to the charism of the Order. It concerns the salvation of
souls. Through the preaching of the Priests and the good example of the
families and Religious, souls will be led to accept the Gift of Faith,
or be reconciled to God. (Evangelii Nuntiandi, 5).
8.3 Catechesis or education in the faith is intimately bound
up with the whole life of the Order. This is visibly seen by the families
living an integrated life with the Religious. This close collaboration
with the Branch of Families for the education of the children in the Order
is to encompass:
teaching Christian Doctrine in a systematic way in the schools that are
formed for the children of the Third Branch;
preparation of children for the reception of the Sacraments;
administering the Sacraments;
integration of children into the life of the Order; and
the missionary witness to Religious life in the various works of the Order.
of the Catholic Church,6)
8.4 Assisting parents of the Third Branch with the general education
of children in the Community Schools by taking responsibility for the running
of Community Schools, and in consultation with the parents, directing all
aspects of the school curriculum, and by fostering sports and physical
training programs for the general well-being of the Community children.
8.5 Re-unification of East and West through fostering the visible
bonds of communion: Profession of the one Faith; Divine Worship in the
Sacraments; Apostolic Succession through the Sacrament of Holy Orders;
maintaining the fraternal charity of God's family through participation
in the way of life of the Order. (Catechism of the Catholic Church,
8.6 Promotion throughout the world of the Devotion to the Blessed
Virgin Mary, according to Saint Louis Marie De Montfort.
8.7 The Order also strives to care for the neglected members
of the Mystical Body of Christ - especially the unwanted; youth neglected
within society, and in a special way take care of unwanted babies and children
who have contracted diseases eg. - A.I.D.S., and those who are abandoned
in Hospitals, with no family environment. A "House of the Holy Innocents"
may be formed for this purpose; also, to help mothers to retain their children,
rather than procure an abortion.
8.8 The Ministry of Preaching is entrusted in a special way to
the Priests of the Order. They should zealously administer the Sacraments
so as to promote among the faithful a life of reconciliation and union
with the will of God - the Sisters and Brothers also taking part in preaching.
8.9 Members should take an active role in teaching, particularly
catechetics, reaching out, as much as possible, to the whole world.
8.10 Members should be suitably prepared for their Apostolic
Work, and adequate care must be taken to ensure that these works which
are undertaken will not encroach on the duties of everyday life.
8.11 Within Communities where a Retreat House is present, members
are responsible for it and the apostolate associated with it.
8.12 Members of the First and Second Branches are to bear in
mind the special affiliation that they have with the Third Branch. They
must provide the Spiritual Guidance and Sacraments necessary for the Community.
8.13 The Sacred Shrines associated with the Order are to be governed
by suitable rules specifying the nature, purpose and administration, for
the benefit of the pilgrims.
9. FORMATION OF FUTURE PRIESTS
9.1 Whenever possible, the Supreme Moderator will name someone
in each country who will be responsible for training future Priests. If
this is not possible in the new Foundations, candidates for the Priesthood
are to be sent to the most appropriate formation centre.
9.2 The Order will possess its own formation centres for the
Priesthood and the Professors will be selected meticulously.
9.3 The Professors will faithfully follow all the teachings of
the Church and of the Sovereign Pontiff, remembering always that they have
taken a vow of fidelity to him.
9.4 Students in theology will have a well defined prayer life,
together with the Priests who will be teaching them.
9.5 They will maintain a work life which is appropriate to their
studies and the requirements of the Order.
9.6 The Professors will be informed of this so they can keep
a good balance between the tasks related to the studies and work life of
the Order. They will be under the local Superior, with whom they will work
in close collaboration regarding this matter.
9.7 The future Priests will be specifically trained to guide
well, direct well, and to know how to organise their lives accordingly.
They will there-fore know how to serve well, so they can guide well later
9.8 The program of studies will cover the basic subjects required
by the Catholic Church. Options will be then established according to the
needs of the Order and to the capabilities.
9.9 The authorities of the Order for the Branch of Priests will
also establish the basic criteria for acceptance of candidates to the Priesthood.
CONDITIONS FOR ACCEPTANCE
9.10 In all Western countries, candidates will study basic Latin
so they can read the Mass and the Blessings of the Roman Ritual, and administer
9.11 They will also learn, if possible, a living language other
than their mother tongue.
9.12 They will have to learn the principal elements of philosophy
so they are better equipped to read and understand certain theological
texts essential to the life of faith.
9.13 They will have to supply proof of their ability to succeed
in their studies by their previous studies; if not, they will complete
9.14 The candidate will have to supply proof of emotional stability
and firmness of character.
9.15 They will have had to demonstrate a balanced piety and have
a stable prayer life - which the Superiors can confirm and follow - during
the two-year formation period (Postulate and Novitiate).
9.16 Also to be verified is the supernatural calling to the Priesthood,
and that the candidate's response to this call is free and personal. For
this reason it is appropriate that the candidate list all his motives,
written in a letter to his immediate Superior which, after acceptance,
is to be passed to the Superior responsible for the formation of future
9.17 Courses on each of the Sacraments will be given, as well
as the Liturgy for each Sacrament, in order to ensure their proper administration
and to enable the future Priests to readily explain them to the faithful.
9.18 The Old and the New Testaments of the Bible will be studied
so that the candidates learn to preach and teach well.
9.19 Courses on spiritual and mystical life will be given so
they can counsel all members and faithful who consult them about their
9.20 Well structured Mariology courses will give them all the
elements of a well-understood and lived Marian faith life.
9.21 Courses on the hierarchical and mystical Church will give
them a good understanding that the Church has a double foundation: the
Apostles and the Prophets. They will also study Canon Law.
9.22 The Liturgy and the life of prayer are to form the basis
of unity between acquired knowledge and the practice of prayer.
9.23 The traditional hymns and music of the liturgy are to form
an important part of the life of prayer in the Community.
9.24 Since the members take part in a consecrated life, courses
in the constant pursuit of sainthood will be given so this can be fostered
in members of all Branches. Teachers will refer to official Church texts
and to spiritual and mystical authors. Should a student wish to learn more
thoroughly about an author, or a form of spirituality, he will be directed
to the corresponding option in the form of a tutorial where a Professor
will guide him in doing the appropriate research (for example, he will
be able to study more thoroughly the Marian spirituality of Saint Louis
Marie de Montfort, Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus, Saint
Francis, Saint Dominic, Saint Ignatius, etc.)
9.25 A course in Church history will help them understand the
most import-ant stages in the development of the faith such as obstacles
and oppositions encountered by the Church, which come from ideological
or anti-Catholic movements (e.g. Freemasonry, Socialism, Atheism, Modernism,
etc.) as well as the goals of certain Councils.
9.26 A specialised course will be given on the body of Apparitions,
Miracles already approved by the Church, and a study of the criteria for
discernment will be offered to help students well understand current Apparitions,
because of the crucial importance these Apparitions have for future times,
and so that the student becomes acquainted with the mystical life of the
9.27 Examinations are to be prepared by the Professors concerned
and will be approved by the Moderator's Council of which the formation
delegate is a member.
9.28 When candidates come from other Orders or Communities, the
course requirements, the course programmes, and the examinations, will
be handed to their Superior.
9.29 The cost of courses for future Priests will be established
in writing so that eventual benefactors may contribute to the study programmes,
to the required documentation and to the cost of studies, so that candidates
to the Priesthood be free of debt at their ordination. Their families will
also be advised of the support to be given to them, according to their
9.30 A fund will also be created to help the Seminary, just as
a fund will be created to help other training schools established by the
9.31 The local Superiors will have at heart to pray regularly
for the different vocations and the future Priests, reminding all the members
that it is the Will of Jesus, Himself, that they pray to Him to send workers
for His harvest.
9.32 Finally, the missionary spirit will be developed and constantly
maintained by a course given on Evangelisation, as well as by continuous
prayer intentions related to missions in other countries. Some members
and future Priests will also be formed to go to missions in other countries.
9.33 Priests entrusted with the formation of future Priests and
Professors will be familiar with all the official documents of the Church
on this subject, and will take upon themselves the corresponding requirements.
9.34 Future Priests will receive a technical formation in different
areas of practical work, according to their talents, their abilities, and
the needs of the Order. They will get practical experience to be able to
better lead and direct others.
10. TRAINING OF THE SECOND BRANCH
10.1 The formation of members of the Second Branch continues
after the completion of the Novitiate and Temporary Profession. Those who
choose to remain as Brothers or Sisters of the Order dedicate their God
given talents to serving the Community and the Order in skilled, semi-skilled
or non-skilled work, as well as committing themselves to the contemplative
10.2 To assist with the continuing Spiritual formation and the
development of the Consecrated Life, members will be trained in the mystical
life, from the writings of the Fathers of the Church, the Saints, and the
varied Messages from the different Apparitions containing precious teachings.
10.3 Both Sisters and Brothers, after Profession, as well as
undergoing deeper formation in the Consecrated Life, are also to undertake
training in various trades, aimed at helping Communities with the skills
essential to future self-sufficiency. Some will be selected for training
in areas such as cooking and food preparation, building, agriculture, horticulture,
viticulture, animal husbandry, etc., with others being selected for training
in the teaching, medical and the medicinal use of herbs, nursing, veterinary,
accounting and even legal disciplines.
10.4 Eventually the Order will have in its possession schools,
training establishments and various Houses of Formation. Until such services
are available within the Order, the necessary training will need to be
undertaken in the civil training and institutional centres. In this regard,
Superiors will always take steps to ensure that the Consecrated life of
the Member undergoing such training is not inhibited in any way.
10.5 Qualified teachers and others with the skills which must
be developed within the Order will be chosen, according to their competence,
to plan, develop and implement the various courses which will be needed.
10.6 For each member of the Second Branch a plan is to be progressively
prepared by his/her Superiors in consultation with teachers, professors
or skilled artisans of the Order, as well as the member, covering the ongoing
requirements for Spiritual Formation, and the directions for his/her training
in temporal skills.
10.7 Superiors will recognise the multiplicity of skills and
experience which the Third Branch members will bring into the Order with
them, and will take steps to ensure that these are availed-of for the future
training of members of the Second Branch.
10.8 Every Community should strive to establish a good Reference
Library containing - as well as the most important Theological, Mystical
and Spiritual Formation writings - Teachings of the Church, Scriptural
Studies, History and Liturgy, reference works in the medical, scientific,
engineering, building, farming, etc., so essential to teaching of the temporal
skills necessary to the good function of the Order and the development
of its Apostolic works.
10.9 The Priests remain responsible for spiritual formation of
all the Order's members by appropriate - and well coordinated - teachings,
or conferences, retreats, homilies, and structured courses.
10.10 It is not expected that the Priests of the Order can deal
with the technical and professional fields, although some may be able to.
Properly trained Sisters and Brothers will be essential to the temporal
welfare of the Order and its Apostolic Works.
10.11 All members will have to take to heart their own training,
to always better love and serve, while progressing on the way to holiness.
10.12 Each Superior and Council President must always have in
mind that a solid spiritual formation, and training in the appropriate
sectors of a member's task in which he is engaged, is a key to success;
to keep harmony and charity. When members know what they do - and why -
they also have at heart the work they do, and for which they feel responsible.
11. LINE OF AUTHORITY
11.1 All Communities will have a Priest as Community Superior.
However, the Community Superior's role and Authority is strictly accountable
to the Major Superior. All are accountable to the Supreme Moderator.
11.2 The Community Superior, in Consultation with members of
the Community, appoints the Community Council, which is responsible for
the development and management of the Community property - its buildings,
facilities, farm production and industry, subject always to the authority
of the Community Superior. The Community Council will be formed from representation
of all Branches in the Community, with its Office Bearers drawn from those
with the skills necessary to fulfil the appointed tasks.
11.3 The Community Superior, in consultation with the Major Superior,
appoints the Superiors of the Branches of Priests, Brothers and Sisters,
which may be in the Community. The Superior can be a Priest, a Religious
Brother, or Sister, as appropriate, and is responsible to the Community
Superior for the welfare and formation of the members in his/her care:
The Superior of the Branch of Priests in the Community convenes the Council
of Priests to assist him with this task.
The Superior of the Brothers in the Community convenes the Council of Brothers
to assist him with this task.
The Mother Superior of the Sisters in the Community convenes the Council
of Sisters to assist him with this task.
12. THE COMMUNITY AND BRANCH COUNCILS
THE COMMUNITY COUNCIL:
12.1 The Community Council has responsibility for the overall supervision
of the planning, administration, finances and management of the Community
and its farm production and industry. Membership of the Community Council
will be drawn from all Branches in the Community. The Community Superior
appoints all the members of the Community Council.
12.2 The Office Bearers of the Community Council will also be
appointed by the Community Superior from members of all Branches with the
requisite skills, and may include - but not necessarily so - such officers
as Chairman, Secretary, Financial Officer, Farm Manager, Project Managers.
The Branch Superiors will also sit on the Community Council.
12.3 The Community Superior will be present at all Council meetings,
but may delegate control of the meeting to a Chairman. The meetings will
usually follow a consultative pattern, and decisions should be reached
unanimously. The community Superior will not normally go against a majority
of the council, but if a division of opinion exists the Community Superior
will make the decision.
THE BRANCH COUNCILS:
12.4 The Superior over each of the Branches of Priests, Brothers
and Sisters is appointed by the Community Superior to look after the particular
needs and formation of the members of that Branch.
12.5 To assist with this task, the Superior of each Branch will
convene a Branch Council - a Council for Priests; a Council for Brothers;
a Council for Sisters. The Branch Superior may appoint Office Bearers to
assist with the orderly preparation for - and control of - meetings, such
as a Secretary to record the deliberations and decisions of meetings, and,
if warranted, a Treasurer to manage any funds the Branch Council may be
given to discharge its responsibilities.
12.6 The Superior of the Branch will be present at all meetings,
which will usually follow a consultative pattern with decisions being reached
THE COUNCILS DURING THE FOUNDATION STAGE:
12.7 During the Foundation Stage, if there are insufficient members
of the three Branches in the Community, the functions of both the Community
Council and Branch Councils, including the Family Council, may be combined
in the Community Council, under direction of the Community Superior.
More information concerning the Function, Operation, and composition
of the Community Council, and the Branch Councils, will be provided at
a later stage in Appendix A, - Government of the Order